Hai Yen (HY) Travel

Hai Yen means “Sea Swallow” in Vietnamese! These beautiful birds live on cliff faces through out Vietnam.

The name, Hai Yen, is that of the Company’s Founder. His Uncle gave him this name in 1969, before he left for the front line as a Military Journalist. The Uncle was killed in action one year later.


Since Vietnam opened its doors to international tourism, Ms Pham Thi Hai Yen, now Vice-Director and Operations Manager of Hai Yen Travel (known as HY Travel to many travelers!), has been showing visitors from around the world the breathtaking landscapes and traditional cultures of her country that she has studied and deeply loves.

After finishing her studies at the Hanoi Foreign Language College, Ms Yen and her husband began their own travel company.

Now, HY Travel located in Hanoi’s Old Quarter is showing people from all over the world the wonders of this magical country.

Our domestic favorite clients: Ministry of Foreign Affair, Prudential, Vietnam News Agency, FPT, Fsoft, ANZ bank, Ministry of Transport, ...


HY Travel is located in one of Hanoi’s oldest streets.
HY Travel,  1B Thọ Xương - Hoan Kiem - Hanoi, Viet Nam.

Feel free to come by and see us!

Why HY Travel

We are a Licensed Tour Operator locally owned and operated providing:

  1. Diversified tour programs for all budgets and interests.
  2. Tailor made itineraries and special interest tours.
  3. Great Prices.
  4. Professional, friendly and helpful staff.
  5. Experienced and knowledgeable guides speaking English, French, German and Spanish.

What ever it is you need, don’t hesitate to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. for a free quote or information on traveling in Vietnam, The Land Of Smile!

Full country name: Socialist Republic of Vietnam

Area: 329,566 sq km (128,527 sq mi)

Population: 85 million

Capital city:Ha Noi (pop approx. 4 million)

Currency: Viet Nam Dong (VND)

People:  84% ethnic Vietnamese, 2% ethnic Chinese. Also Khmers, Chams and members of over 50 ethno linguistic groups.

Language: Vietnamese, Russian, French, Chinese, English and a variety of Khmer and Laotian dialects

Religion: Buddhism is the principal religion but there are also sizeable Taoist, Confucian, Hoa Hao, Caodaists, Muslim and Christian minorities

Government: Communist People's Republic

President::  Nguyên Minh Triêt (from 2006)

Prime Minister:: Nguyên Tân Dzung (from 2006)

Average Temperatures

Saigon: January 26° C 79° F; July 27° C 81° F; Ha Noi: January 17° C 62° F; July 29° C 84° F

Time Zone: GMT/UTC +7

Geography: Viet Nam borders Cambodia, Laos and China and stretches over 1600km (1000mi) along the eastern coast of the Indochinese Peninsula. Three-quarters of the country is mountainous and hilly; the highest peak, at 3143m (10,310ft), is Mount Fansipan in the northwest

Vietnam Info

A country of southeast Asia in eastern Indochina of the South China Sea. Ruled by China from 221 B.C. to A.D. 939 and from 1407 to 1428, it was occupied by the French in the 19th century. After the fall of the French garrison at Dien Bien Phu in 1954, it was partitioned into North Viet Nam and South Viet Nam. The country was reunited in April 30, 1975 after the end of the Viet Nam War. Hanoi is the capital and Ho Chi Minh City is; the largest city.

Land & climate

Area: 329,566 sq km (128,527 sq mi)
Highest Point: Fan Si Pan; 3143 m (10,310 ft) above sea level
Lowest Point: Sea level along the coast
Average Temperatures:

  • Saigon:January 26° C 79° F; July 27° C 81° F
  • Hanoi: January 17° C 62° F; July 29° C 84° F

Average Annual Precipitation;

  • Hanoi: 1680 mm (66 in)
  • Saigon: 1980 mm (78 in)

Location: On the E coast of the Indochina Peninsula in SE Asia
Neighbors: China to the North. Laos, Cambodia to the West.

Viet Nam is long and narrow, with 1,400-mi. of coastline. About 24% of country is readily arable, including the densely settled Red River Valley in the North, narrow coastal plains of the Center and the wide, often marshy Mekong River Delta in the South. The rest of the country consists of semi-arid plateaus and barren mountains, with some stretches of tropical rain forest.

Land and Resources

Viet Nam occupies the easternmost part of the Indochina Peninsula. A rugged, elongated S-shaped strip of mountains, coastal plains, and river deltas.

Physiographic Regions 

Viet Nam may be divided into four major regions. In the northwest is the mountainous southern extension of China's Yunnan Plateau. The country's highest peak, Mount Fan Si Pan (3143 m/10,312 ft), is located close to the border with China.

To the east of the highlands is the Red River (also known as the Song Hong) Delta, a triangularly shaped lowland along the Gulf of Tonkin (an arm of the South China Sea).

To the south the Annamese Highlands, which run northwest / southeast, and an associated coastal plain form the backbone of central Viet Nam. The fourth and southernmost region, is the Mekong River Delta, a depositional area of flat land.


The soils of the Red River and Mekong River deltas, the two major Deltas of Viet Nam, are composed of rich alluvium except where damming for flood control has altered the stream flow. Soils in the uplands are poor as a result of leaching of nutrients from the ground by the abundant rainfall.


The Red River in the north and the Mekong River in the south are the two major freshwater streams. The Red River flows almost directly southeast from the northwestern highlands, whereas the Mekong follows an irregular path from Cambodia, crosses southernmost Viet Nam, and empties in the South China Sea through a complex network of distributaries. Both rivers have been leveed to prevent flood damage.


Three basic climate types are found in Viet Nam. In the north, especially in the interior, the temperatures are subtropical. Shifting seasonal wind patterns result in dry winters and wet summers. The central and southeastern areas typify the tropical monsoon climate, with high temperatures and abundant precipitation. In the southwest, distinct wet and dry periods are evident, but temperatures are higher than in the north.

Vegetation and Animal Life 

Abundant vegetation exists throughout Viet Nam except where the landscape has been denuded. Typical mixed stands in the rain forests contain a wide variety of pines, broadleaf trees, vines, and bamboos. Dense mangroves bordering the distributaries of the Deltas often hinder access to the water's edge. The tropical rain forests are inhabited by large mammals such as elephants, deer, bears, tigers, and leopards. Smaller animals, including monkeys, hares, squirrels, and otters, are found throughout the country. Reptiles such as crocodiles, snakes, and lizards, as well as many species of birds, are also indigenous.


Mineral Resources The northern highlands of Viet Nam contain valuable minerals, including iron, anthracite coal, phosphate, zinc, chromite, tin, and apatite. Petroleum and natural gas deposits lie offshore.



The Vietnamese, related to the southern Chinese, constitute the largest ethnic group in Viet Nam and account for about 88 percent of the total population; the remainder are members of various ethnic groups. The size of the Chinese population, while still the largest minority, has decreased sharply with emigration.

Population & Population Density

Approx: 81,000,0000 

245 persons/sq km (630 persons/sq mi)


Urban/Rural Breakdown & Largest Cities

20% Urban; 80% Rural (1995 estimate) 

Ho Chi Minh City: 6,924,435
Hanoi: 3,056,146
Haiphong: 1,447,523 (1989 census)

Principal Cities 

Most of the larger urban centers are located in southern Viet Nam. Of the major cities, only the capital city of Hanoi (population, 1989, 3,056,146) is not located on the coast. Other large cities are Ho Chi Minh City, formerly Saigon (6,924,435); Haiphong (1,447,523), Hanoi's port; and Da Nang (369,734), near the ancient city of Hue (260,489). The government has attempted to reverse the rural-to-urban migration stream by establishing new economic zones in the countryside and encouraging city residents to relocate to them.


Vietnamese, the official language, is spoken by the majority of the population (see Austro-Asiatic Languages). The use of French, a remnant of colonial times, is declining. Some Vietnamese people who live in urban areas speak other languages, such as English and Russian. Khmer, Montagnard, and Cham are spoken primarily in the interior. With the exodus of the Chinese in the late 1980s, the once-common use of their language diminished.


Viet Nam contains a rich mixture of religions, reflecting the influences of many cultures. Traditional Vietnamese religion included elements from Indian beliefs and three Chinese religious systems: Mahayana Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism. A majority of adherents today follow Buddhism, including a wide variety of sects. Other religions include relatively new sects such as Hoa Hao, associated with Buddhism, and Caodaism, a synthesis of Christianity, Buddhism, and Confucianism. Christianity, particularly the Roman Catholic church, claims as many as 6 million followers. Religious groups have often played important roles in the political development of Viet Nam.


55%: Buddhism
45%: Other including Roman Catholicism, Taoism, Confucianism, Hoa Hao, and Cao Dai


The cultural life of Viet Nam was strongly influenced by that of China until French domination in the 19th century. At that time the traditional culture began to acquire an overlay of Western characteristics. The postwar government expressed its desire to rid Vietnamese life of Western influences.

The Viet Nam Museum of Fine Arts (1966) in Hanoi includes an exhibition of the tools and costumes of more than 60 ethnic groups in Viet Nam. The National Library was established in Hanoi in 1919; a counterpart was founded in Ho Chi Minh City in 1976

Getting to Viet Nam



From Cambodia: There is a road crossing at Moc Bai (Tay Ninh province 80km from Saigon) connecting Phnom Penh in Cambodia with Saigon. The new crossing into Cambodia via Chau Doc (245 km from Saigon) is passable either by boat or road.

From Laos: There is a road crossing at Lao Bao in Quang Tri Province, about 160km north of Hue, connecting Savannakhet with Central Vietnam. Another road into Vietnam is via Cau Treo, Ha Tinh Province.

From China: There are 03 roads crossing at Ha Khau (Lao Cai Province), Dong Dang (Lang Son Province) and Mong Cai (Quang Ninh Province


There are no normal sea crossings into Vietnam although an increasing number of cruise liners sail into Vietnamese waters. The only other international connection by boat is the Mekong River crossing from Phnom Penh to Chau Doc (see above).


There is an international rail connection between China and Vietnam, from Peking via Nanning to Hanoi crossing at Lang Son and from Kunming to Hanoi via Lao Cai.


Vietnam currently has three international airports: Noi Bai serving Hanoi and the north, Danang International Airport serving the central provinces and Tan Son Nhat in Ho Chi Minh City serving the south.
Available flights from Vietnam include Bangkok, Singapore, Paris, Hong Kong, Seoul, Sydney, Berlin, Jakarta, Manila, Taipei, Guangzhou, Vientiane, Amsterdam, Moscow, Frankfurt, Kuala Lumpur, Los Angeles, Melbourne, Dubai, Osaka, Kaohsiung, and Phnom Penh.

Aeroflot Moscow Hanoi, Saigon
Air France Paris Hanoi, Saigon
Asiana Seoul Saigon
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong Hanoi, Saigon
China Southern Nanning Hanoi
China Airlines Taipei Saigon
Eva Air Taipei Saigon
Japan Airlines Tokyo/Osaka Saigon
KLM Royal Dutch Amsterdam Saigon
Korean Ai Seoul Saigon
Lao Aviation Vientiane Hanoi
Lauda Air Vienna Saigon
Lufthansa Frankfurt Saigon
Malaysian Airlines Kuala Lumpur Hanoi, Saigon
Philippine Airlines Manila Saigon
Qantas Sydney/Melbourne Saigon
Royal Air Cambodge Phnom Penh Saigon
Siem Reap Airways Siem Reap Saigon
Singapore Airlines Singapore Hanoi, Saigon
Thai International Sydney/Melbourne via Bangkok Hanoi, Saigon
Vietnam Airlines Singapore, Paris, Bangkok, Hong Kong, Frankfurt Hanoi, Saigon


Vietnam Airlines have offices through out the world! With the lastest in booking systems and a new fleet of aircraft including the Boeing 777, check out the flight schedule or find a booking agent near you for Vietnam Airlines on www.vietnamairlines.com.

For information on domestic flights and bookings, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. us!